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Tags : redis,Keepalived,主从热备发表时间: 2016-07-13 19:26:14

一 简介

安装使用centos 5.10 

Master 192.168.235.135

Slave 192.168.235.152

Vip 192.168.235.200

编译环境 yum -y install gcc gcc+ gcc-c++ openssl openssl-devel pcre pcre-devel

 

当 Master 与 Slave 均运作正常时, Master负责服务,Slave负责Standby; 
当 Master 挂掉,Slave 正常时, Slave接管服务,同时关闭主从复制功能; 
当 Master 恢复正常,则从Slave同步数据,同步数据之后关闭主从复制功能,恢复Master身份,于此同时Slave等待Master同步数据完成之后,恢复Slave身份。 
然后依次循环。

需要注意的是,这样做需要在Master与Slave上都开启本地化策略,否则在互相自动切换的过程中,未开启本地化的一方会将另一方的数据清空,造成数据完全丢失

二 安装

Redis安装配置->:  http://liuyieyer.iteye.com/blog/2078093

下载安装wget  http://www.keepalived.org/software/keepalived-1.2.12.tar.gz

tar xf keepalived-1.2.12.tar.gz

cd keepalived-1.2.12

./configure

make && make install

cp /usr/local/etc/rc.d/init.d/keepalived /etc/init.d/

cp /usr/local/etc/sysconfig/keepalived /etc/sysconfig/

chmod +x /etc/init.d/keepalived

chkconfig –add keepalived

mkdir /etc/keepalived

ln –s /usr/local/sbin/keepalived /usr/sbin

 

三 配置

首先在master上创建如下配置

mkdir –p /etc/keepalived

 vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf

//加入如下内容脚本

vrrp_script chk_redis { 

                script "/etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_check.sh"   ###监控脚本 

                interval 2                                        ###监控时间 

vrrp_instance VI_1 { 

        state MASTER                            ###设置为MASTER

        interface eth0                          ###监控网卡    

        virtual_router_id 51

        priority 101                            ###权重值

        authentication { 

                     auth_type PASS             ###加密 

                     auth_pass redis            ###密码 

        } 

        track_script { 

                chk_redis                       ###执行上面定义的chk_redis

        } 

        virtual_ipaddress { 

             192.168.235.200                         ###VIP 

        }

        notify_master /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_master.sh

        notify_backup /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_backup.sh

        notify_fault  /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_fault.sh

        notify_stop   /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_stop.sh 

}

 

vim /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_master.sh

 

#!/bin/bash

REDISCLI="/opt/redis/bin/redis-cli"

LOGFILE="/var/log/keepalived-redis-state.log"

echo "[master]" >> $LOGFILE

date >> $LOGFILE

echo "Being master...." >> $LOGFILE 2>&1

echo "Run SLAVEOF cmd ..." >> $LOGFILE

$REDISCLI SLAVEOF 192.168.135.152(slave) 6379 >> $LOGFILE  2>&1

sleep 10 #延迟10秒以后待数据同步完成后再取消同步状态

echo "Run SLAVEOF NO ONE cmd ..." >> $LOGFILE

$REDISCLI SLAVEOF NO ONE >> $LOGFILE 2>&1

 

vim /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_backup.sh

#!/bin/bash

REDISCLI="/opt/redis/bin/redis-cli"

LOGFILE="/var/log/keepalived-redis-state.log"

echo "[backup]" >> $LOGFILE

date >> $LOGFILE

echo "Being slave...." >> $LOGFILE 2>&1

sleep 15 #延迟15秒待数据被对方同步完成之后再切换主从角色

echo "Run SLAVEOF cmd ..." >> $LOGFILE

$REDISCLI SLAVEOF 192.168.135.152(slave)  6379 >> $LOGFILE  2>&1

 

在slave上创建如下文件:

vim /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf

vrrp_script chk_redis { 

                script "/etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_check.sh"   ###监控脚本 

                interval 2                                        ###监控时间 

vrrp_instance VI_1 { 

        state BACKUP                                ###设置为BACKUP 

        interface eth0                              ###监控网卡

        virtual_router_id 51 

        priority 100                                ###比MASTRE权重值低 

        authentication { 

                     auth_type PASS 

                     auth_pass redis                ###密码与MASTRE相同

        } 

        track_script { 

                chk_redis                       ###执行上面定义的chk_redis

        } 

        virtual_ipaddress { 

             192.168.235.200                         ###VIP 

        } 

        notify_master /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_master.sh

        notify_backup /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_backup.sh

        notify_fault  /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_fault.sh

        notify_stop   /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_stop.sh 

}

 

vim /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_master.sh

#!/bin/bash

REDISCLI="/opt/redis/bin/redis-cli"

LOGFILE="/var/log/keepalived-redis-state.log"

echo "[master]" >> $LOGFILE

date >> $LOGFILE

echo "Being master...." >> $LOGFILE 2>&1

echo "Run SLAVEOF cmd ..." >> $LOGFILE

$REDISCLI SLAVEOF 192.168.235.135(master) 6379 >> $LOGFILE  2>&1

sleep 10 #延迟10秒以后待数据同步完成后再取消同步状态

echo "Run SLAVEOF NO ONE cmd ..." >> $LOGFILE

$REDISCLI SLAVEOF NO ONE >> $LOGFILE 2>&1

vim /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_backup.sh

#!/bin/bash

REDISCLI="/opt/redis/bin/redis-cli"

LOGFILE="/var/log/keepalived-redis-state.log"

echo "[backup]" >> $LOGFILE

date >> $LOGFILE

echo "Being slave...." >> $LOGFILE 2>&1

sleep 15 #延迟15秒待数据被对方同步完成之后再切换主从角色

echo "Run SLAVEOF cmd ..." >> $LOGFILE

$REDISCLI SLAVEOF 10.6.1.143 6379 >> $LOGFILE  2>&1

 

以下脚本分别在master和slave上创建

mkdir /etc/keepalived/scripts

vim /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_check.sh

#!/bin/bash

 

ALIVE=`/opt/redis/bin/redis-cli PING`

if [ "$ALIVE" == "PONG" ]; then

  echo $ALIVE

  exit 0

else

  echo $ALIVE

  exit 1

fi

 vim /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_fault.sh

#!/bin/bash

LOGFILE=/var/log/keepalived-redis-state.log

echo "[fault]" >> $LOGFILE

date >> $LOGFILE

 vim /etc/keepalived/scripts/redis_stop.sh

#!/bin/bash

LOGFILE=/var/log/keepalived-redis-state.log

echo "[stop]" >> $LOGFILE

date >> $LOGFILE

 

授执行权  chmod +x /etc/keepalived/scripts/*.sh

 

测试

在msater和slave上分别启动redis;

Service redis start

分别启动keepalived

Service keepalived start

在master上执行 ip a

a09552b4-ed4d-32da-a875-7ef0aa6d4941

虚拟IP已经绑定了

在master上执行service redis stop 查看slave

ee4e888e-a8c7-3f9c-8526-61fbb38c943f

看到了吧秒级切换。

接下来再吧master上的redis启动起来

  ad5c99ee-932b-3c67-a16b-5427620cbb4d

又切换回来了。

测试redis同步

  
d2301a94-f2f5-3e05-9538-604e563cd064 

到此安装完成了。

 
转自:iteye
 
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